The Untold Story of the Rwanda Genocide- New BBC Documentary

A new controversial but powerful BBC documentary attempts to shed light on the other untold stories from the 1994 Rwandan genocide. More »

Zimbabwe’s Kariba Dam on Verge of Collapse

One of the top symbols of British colonialism was the construction of the Kariba Dam on the Zambezi Valley. The arch shaped dam was the product of Italian engineering which was constructed at more than $135M at the time a feat of massive proportion More »

African Innovation At Its Best: GIST Finalists

Mixon Faluweki of Malawi and Cynthia Ndubuisi of Nigeria are among the 15 finalists for the Global Innovation in Science and Technology (GIST) Tech-I finals. More »

TVE Bio Movies Finalist: Cosmo Zengeya

tvebiomovies is a film competition now in its fifth year, and open to everyone around the world with access to a camera. These are some of the finalists that could use your help with your one click= one vote. More »

Another Mugabe Sowing Seeds of Tribalism & Genocide

“People say I want to be president, why not? Am I not a Zimbabwean?” More »


Another Mugabe Sowing Seeds of Tribalism & Genocide

grace mugabe

Grace Mugabe

‘When Elephants fight its the grass that suffers’.

The concubine turned wife of Robert Mugabe has been campaigning for the Zimbabwe ruling party Zanu PF. She has held several ‘Meet the People’ rallies to drum up support for her intention to head the Women’s League at least it seems. ZANU-PF congress in December will likely be one of the most interesting and divisive party elections where the party is expected to choose Mugabe’s  successor and fill many influential posts.

Mugabe’s wife, Grace who failed her GCSE O levels and somehow landed a job in the President’s office was for a time enrolled at the University of London where she flunked out due to her dismal pass rate. However, a few months ago she enrolled at the University of Zimbabwe and two months later was awarded a PhD despite never having published a single academic paper in any journal as required in academia or having a dissertation or thesis in the university library system.

While on a campaign, Grace has now chastised men of Matabeleland accusing them of marrying a lot of wives and making too many children they end up failing to take care of.“It is very common here to find a man with 5, 6 or 10 wives what kind of a bull is that?” she said according to the Zimbabwe Mail. These words of tribalism from a woman who left her husband for a married man preaching morality and getting her the nick-name “disGrace” Mugabe.

  • She claimed that President Mugabe was a priest because he prayed for the nation yet the First Lady later told a rally in Gweru that she was ready to spill blood if she was forced out from her Iron Mask Farm that she grabbed from a family in Mazowe.
  • Used a baby dumping analogy to describe what the party should do to those sowing seeds of factionalism
  • While addressing a crowd in Bulawayo she openly rebuked supporters for leaving the stadium while she was speaking, “You are disorganized Bulawayo. This is disrespectful. We are about to finish. Sit down. Where are those women going? Anyone who doesn’t sit down will not receive the farming inputs I brought. If you stand up while I am speaking, you are inferring that I am speaking nonsense.”
  • While in Marondera she openly accused Vice President Mujuru of being corrupt, power hungry, selfish and a champion of western interests all the while accusing her of helping sponsor the opposition parties (MDC and Mavambo).
  • While in Marondera she also openly humiliated the Party Chairman, Mr Kaukonde for not supporting her and siding with the Vice President while making fun of his use of the Mutoko dialect.
  • She accussed the leader of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change of being a ‘womanizer and satanist’.
  • She openly celebrated the suicide death of writer Heidi Holland, “There is a woman who wrote a book saying Mugabe’s wife is a dreadful person. I simply took that book and prayed to God, (saying) if this is true, reprimand me, but if they are lies, deal with this person. The woman killed herself as a result,”
  • She called on the Vice President to resign,“there are plenty of people who can run this country, not Mujuru…we cannot go back to where we were before independence.Mai Mujuru must resign!”. Which explains why for the past few weeks she seemed to the competing with the Veep on every level including getting a degree she did not earn.
  • Now she is attacking the Vice President’s war credentials because she had none. All war veterans know what they did, not those who claim that they have downed a chopper. Let people say it than praise yourself only to be disapproved by others.” -
  • She openly acknowledges her quest for power after her husband leaves.“People say I want to be president, why not? Am I not a Zimbabwean?”

Mugabe should be held accountable for his crimes against humanity against the Ndebele. While “disGrace” has aligned herself with the Mnagagwa faction of the party. Emmerson Mnangagwa, nicknamed ‘Garwe’ which is translated to crocodile in English due to his brutal leadership style in crushing of opposition leaders is a likely contender who got this nickname due to his reign of terror known as “Gukurahundi” translated the cleansing rain before the beginning of the rainy season during the 1980s ethnic cleansing in Matabeleland. The militia group that he led was known as the ‘5th brigade’ and was trained in North Korea by Kim Jong Um’s grandfather.

Vice President Mujuru

Vice President Mujuru

Emerson Mnagagwa certainly has shown the ability to use brutality in his reign in Zimbabwe but in many elections he could not even win a parliamentary seat in his home district showing his unpopularity even in a ZANU PF stronghold. Some have argued that if he cannot win a parliamentary sea how can he win a nation? Mnangagwa lacks charismatic appeal which is common among military personnel and he is thought of as out of touch with ordinary Zimbabweans. Mnangagwa, however, would be the perfect candidate for the International court at The Hague for crimes against humanity and perhaps not the image that the party would like to convey to the world.

In the midst of all this political chaos and confusion courtesy of ZANU-PF, there are reports that the Mugabe regime which has patterned itself in the past after the Kim dynasty in North Korea is adding the cherry on the cake by sending off Mugabe’s oldest son Robert Jr to North Korea for leadership training. Just maybe Mugabe is grooming his oldest son Robert Jr. To some in the party Robert Jr. lacks the diligence that is needed to become a dictator like his father. No one knows how much clout the Mugabes will yield without their father and with the knowledge that he is not ever coming back again. The successor issue is taboo in Zimbabwe however it is a matter of time when we will all find out. Mugabe in the early 1980s sent his elite squad 5th Brigade to North Korea and came back to Zimbabwe and carried out the worst atrocities of ethnic cleansing where they killed between 20,000 -50,000 Ndebele people in an effort wipe out that tribe.

The saddest part of all is that while ZANU-PF leaders clamor for power, Zimbabwe’s economy continues to crumble with no end in sight because ‘When Elephants fight its the grass that suffers’.

By Ana Mosi-oa-Tunya 2014

TVE Bio Movies Finalist: Cosmo Zengeya

tvebiomovies is a film competition now in its fifth year, and open to everyone around the world with access to a camera. These are some of the finalists that could use your help with your one click= one vote.


Bamboo and rattan are two non-timber forest products that have many benefits and values, but these are not universally recognised. Both plants are very important for the lives of local people in Asia, Africa and Latin America, but they also play other roles. Giant pandas in China, mountain gorillas in the Ruwenzori Mountains and bamboo lemurs in Madagascar all depend on bamboo. Rattan and bamboo can help to restore degraded lands and make them productive again. Both plants absorb CO2, and play a role in climate change mitigation. And they are the raw material for furniture, construction materials, textiles, food, pulp and paper. Why do we not talk about these benefits more often?


The WWF-UK Prize for World With a Future

Across the globe, vulnerable habitats and endangered species need protection more than ever before. People are using more natural resources than our planet can replace. And the threat posed by climate change continues to grow. We’re facing widespread wildlife extinction and the breakdown of our most important natural systems – unless we urgently work together for change. To stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment, and build a future in which people live in harmony with nature, we need to communicate the beauty of species, as well as forests, oceans and other habitats. And we need to champion ways of living more sustainably.

Around the world, people are protecting forests from the many threats they face, campaigning for more marine protect areas, guarding vulnerable species from poachers and taking local action to safeguard the things that are precious to them. Every action that helps to protect our world is worth celebrating. Let’s focus the world’s attention on our amazing planet, and the urgent need to protect it.

The Untold Story of the Rwanda Genocide- New BBC Documentary

RwandaMapA new controversial but powerful BBC documentary attempts to shed light on the other untold stories from the 1994 Rwandan genocide. According to the new documentary, Paul Kagame is not the liberator that he claims to have been but a selfish man in search of political power who was not concerned about how many people actually died in his pursuit of power. The mainstream story of the 1994 genocide fits into the narrative that his western backers former Prime Minister Tony Blair and Former President Bill Clinton use in their praise of him. Three Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) informants claim that American trained Paul Kagame was the mastermind in the shooting down of the plane that killed the Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi, which then triggered the mass killings.

Featured in the documentary are two American academics from the University of Michigan who traveled to Rwanda to better understand the genocide. They believe that most Tutsis were already dead by the time the RPF marched in to takeover power. This contrasts with Paul Kagame’s story of him as the ‘savior’ that helped to end the genocide. The RPF is accused of killing fleeing Hutus and Tutsis indiscriminately as they approached the capital. In addition, there is evidence that the United Nations (UN), United Kingdom (UK) and United States (US)  suppressed a report that showed the RPF killed 30,000 Hutus in one part of the country. Kagame is also accused of being responsible for the killing of 5 million Hutu and Tutsi refugees in neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) who had fled during the genocide.

Rwanda’s Untold Story Documentary from RDI-Rwanda Rwiza on Vimeo.

Professor Alan Stam of the University of Michigan agrees that 1 million people died in the Rwandan genocide. However, he argues that there were only 500,000 Tutsis in the country at the time. Of the 500, 000 who were in the country before the genocide, 300,000 Tutsis survived. This means about 200,000 Tutsis died and therefore 800,000 Hutus also died in the 1994 genocide but no one talks about it. The government of Rwanda will imprison anyone who challenges the mainstream story of the genocide and labels them a ‘genocide denier’.

Rwanda’s former Chief of External Intelligence, Col Patrick Karegeya was murdered in a hotel room in Johannesburg, South Africa. Faustin Nyamwasa,  a Rwandan former Lieutenant General who was Chief of Staff of the Rwandan Army has survived four assassination attempts. They were both accused of trying to topple the Kagame regime.

Paul Kagame has been President of Rwanda since March, 2000. In the last election (2010), Kagame claims he won with 93% of the vote.

African Innovation At Its Best: GIST Finalists

The Global Innovation through Science and Technology Finalists have been announced. The top 15 idea stage finalists are: Adwoa Asiedua Boateng, Ghana; Alim Khamitov, Kazakhstan; Cynthia Ndubuisi, Nigeria; Dessy Aliandrina, Indonesia; Eshmuradov Dilmurod, Uzbekistan; Gargy Lahiry, Bangladesh; Onyedikachukwu Igili, Nigeria; Islam Azeddine Mennouchi, Algeria; Jossué Amador Andino, Honduras; Mixon Faluweki, Malawi; Muchu Kaingu, Zambia; Pavel Santos, Dominican Republic; Sartika Kurniali, Indonesia; Sheldon Duncombe, Jamaica and Waleed Jan, Saudi Arabia. To celebrate the African scientist who make us proud we have chosen to highlight a few.

The GIST initiative is led by the U.S. Department of State and the American Association for the Advancement for Science (AAAS).

GIST (Global Innovation through Science and Technology) operates at the intersection of science & technology, innovation, and entrepreneurship to empower individual innovators and to strengthen entrepreneurial ecosystems.GIST empowers young people to use their science and technology (S&T) based ideas to commercialize new products and create companies that address economic and development challenges. GIST takes innovators from around the world, augments their skills, builds networks, and connects them with mentors and investors – from New York to Silicon Valley – that can help them realize their ambitions. Since 2011, GIST has mentored over 3,500 startups, generated over $21 million in financing, and engaged over 1 million innovators and entrepreneurs. Learn More about GIST

Below are the proposals submitted for the GIST competition by Mixon Faluweki (Malawi) and Cynthia Ndubuisi (Nigeria).


Due to the advancement in mobile phone communication in Malawi, use of cellphones is common both in urban and rural areas. Beside the known cost of buying airtime by cellphone users, many rural cellphone users spend a lot of money on paying for charging the batteries of their phones. These costs are on top of the high airtime tariffs that puts a lot of pressure to the poor rural population. In Malawi, an average daily income for an individual is below 1 USD. Other forms of energy such as solar energy are very expensive making it difficult for many rural citizens to access them.

The most reliable mode of transport in Malawi is a bicycle as discovered by the 2010 Malawi Demographic and health survey conducted by NSO. It is reported that about 47 % of the rural households own a bicycle. Also a large group of men both in urban and rural areas run a bicycle taxi service called kabaza in local language. Many of these people do not have home electricity. It is for this reason that Padoko charger, that uses the bicycle, has been designed and developed to ease the problem of paying for charging their phones’ batteries.
faluweki bicycle
The charger takes advantage of the existing bicycles that are readily available to the people in Malawi. The few components used to fabricate the charger makes it relatively cheaper than other phone chargers currently on the market. The ability to charge a phone in a comparatively shorter period of time than available chargers makes it a preference over the rest. Also the charger will not have extra running costs for users. Furthermore, Padoko charger could charge the batteries for an MP3 player and a rechargeable torch. The latter will see many people stop using paraffin lamps thereby reducing indoor pollution.

The Padoko charger uses a bicycle dynamo whose output is regulated to a stable DC power at a 5V and 400-500mA. It does not need too much energy to work, once the wheel starts revolving, charging begins. It can also charge almost every mobile phone.

If implemented, the charger has the potential of serving approximately over six million people. Due to the high number of people owning bicycles and the increasing number of mobile phone users in villages plus the burden of paying money for phone charging makes the innovation very marketable. Furthermore, bicycle taxi operators could use the same innovation to charge phones for their clients hence increase their income. The technology would see Malawi make Phone chargers for the first time in history and also create employment for many which will boost the economy of the country.

My plan is to open a small company that will be manufacturing this product and make it accessible to all potential users.

Being a third year university student pursuing Bachelor of Education Science degree, majoring in physics, I have the technical know how that is required to run the business. My educational courses have offered me a chance to study leadership and management. Other individuals include my two supervisors: Dr Justice Mlatho and Dr. Chomora Mikeka from Physics department, Chancellor College who could offer the necessary support in the business.

The leadership structure comprises of the manager (myself), an accountant and technical staff. As a manager I would oversee all company proceedings, plan and delegate duties to the company staff. In conclusion, the Padoko charger is a solution to the problem faced by many phone users in Malawi who do not have access to electricity but use a bicycle for transport.


The Problem

According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Nigeria being the world’s largest producer of cassava, produces about 40 million metric tons of cassava annually and generates over 12 million metric tons of cassava peels of which is perceived as useless and often burned openly by farmers to dispose of it cheaply. This releases more than 10 million tons of toxic carbon monoxide and other forms of pollution in the atmosphere damaging the air and health quality of people living in the communities.

Potential Impact

a. Reduced harmful effects caused by the traditional practice of burning cassava.

b. Increased economic benefit for both cassava processors (sellers) and goat farmers (buyers).

c. Increased quality of life and productivity/Increased career prospect.


This project is comprised of five innovations:

a. A simple technology (a drying platform for the cassava peels to be used instead of burning the waste)
b. A new product (clean dried cassava peels that can be sold as goat feed),
c. An educational component (a diet prescribed to goat farmers, designed by animal scientists that utilizes cassava peels and maximizes the growth rate and health of the goats)
d. Access to credit (facilitating micro-credit loans to build drying platforms), and
e. A new market mechanism (linking cassava processors and goat keepers).

This innovation provides a measurable economic benefit to both cassava processors and goat farmers with average annual incomes less than $2 a day. Original estimates suggested an annual increase of $384 USD and $198 USD respectively (“Development Marketplace Proposal #4345,” 2008, p. 2) and early evidence indicates gains closer to $635 USD a year (DM TEAM, October 1, 2010).

Competitive Advantage

a. The Nigerian Ministry of Agriculture estimates the livestock consumption of low income earners (i.e. market potential) as approximately $24 billion per annum and $66 million per day. In recent years maize production in Nigeria has not kept pace with demand. This may be attributed to inadequate production due to climate change coupled with the food-feed competition for this grain and its increased use for bio-fuel production in the developed countries. There is therefore the need to explore alternative cheaper feed sources for poultry/livestock feeding (e.g. goat, sheep, etc.) and sun-dried cassava peels have recently proven to be the best and most sustainable alternative.

b. The Department of Animal Production, University of Illorin Nigeria, in the Bioresource Technology Journal asserts, “High cost and poor quality of feeds and feed stuffs have been identified as the greatest constraints impacting livestock production in Nigeria. The high cost of maize (key ingredient) for livestock feed formulation is crippling the Nigerian livestock industry. The most logical step therefore is to formulate livestock feeds from non-conventional and non-competing (with human beings) ingredients by utilizing by-products and waste -from farmers and food-processing companies, which are not directly utilizable by man. Sun-dried cassava peels make a very attractive option.

Science and Technology

Animal scientists from the University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria designed a specific diet for the goats, comprised of dried cassava peels (30%) and grasses, legumes and roughages (70%) that maintains the health of the animals (reducing the cost of antibiotics and risk of death) and minimizes the time needed for the goats to reach their full growth (at which point they can be sold). In most cases the growth time is cut in half and the input cost of feed is drastically reduced, increasing the profit margin of the farmers by roughly $198 USD a year.

Sun-dried cassava = fatter goats and happier farmers

In Africa, where 87 million tons of cassava is processed annually, only 6% is used as livestock feed. In comparison, 32% of the cassava produced in Latin America is used for livestock feed and in Asia, the number is over 40%.

Why customers would want the product/service:

a) Reduced production cost.
b) Reduced time of livestock growth.
c) Healthier and fatter goats generated for goat farmers, etc.


1. Securing funds & partnerships

2. Distributing through already existing distribution outlets.

3. Engaging women vendors and local youth groups in the marketing and sale of our product.

7.) Team:

1. Cynthia Ndubuisi: CEO – Co-founder, Textile & Polymer Technologist, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria. Social entrepreneur, specialized in niche social networks.

2. Stephen Ugochukwu Ugwudi: Co-founder, product manager.

3. Clinton Ndubuisi: Co-founder,marketing and expansion officer.

4. Director of Research and Innovations: Mrs Esther Kantiok; she’s a consultant for the National Agricultural Extension Research Liaison Services and other research bodies.

Participant Information Courtesy of The GIST Initiative led by the U.S. Department of State, and the Tech-I competition implemented by AAAS, 2014. Learn More