|Gatsi Rusere Munhumutapa 1589-1623|
* Picture is part of the National Stamp Collection issued by the Zimbabwe Post Office in conjunction with the Zimbabwe National Archives in 1985 to honor the 50th Anniversary of the National Archives. The picture is from Portuguese historical collection.
The Mutapa (western adaptation) of the Munhumutapa or Mwenemutapa or Monomutapa depending on the Shona dialect was one of Western Mozambique and present day Zimbabwe’s greatest kingdoms. The Mutapa state is believed to have been an Iron Age state which spanned across three centuries till its decline in the 19th century.
|A Portuguese depiction of Nyatsimba Mutota|
The Mutapa Empire was perhaps the first present day Zimbabwean state that fought colonialism and euro-domination and won against the Portuguese invaders in 1570s.
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