Ebola viruses are found in several African countries including Liberia, Guinea, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) . Ebola was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, outbreaks of Ebola among humans have appeared sporadically in Africa such as the one currently plaguing West Africa.
Symptoms of Ebola include
Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.
Recovery from Ebola depends on the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.
Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with
Once someone recovers from Ebola, they can no longer spread the virus. However, Ebola virus has been found in semen for up to 3 months. People who recover from Ebola are advised to abstain from sex or use condoms for 3 months.
If you travel to or are in an area affected by an Ebola outbreak, make sure to do the following:
Healthcare workers who may be exposed to people with Ebola should follow these steps:
Perhaps to contain the current outbreak of this virus officials in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone must consult officials in the DRC on how they have contained previous outbreaks in their communities.
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