Rwanda: Many Years After the Genocide

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The Republic of Rwanda is most often remembered for the 1994 genocide but significant progress over the years has shown that this small state in central and east Africa is a force that rivals many. Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its economy has strengthened with per-capita GDP (PPP) estimated at $1,784 in 2015, compared with $416 in 1994. Major export markets include China, Germany, and the United States. As of 2015, the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda estimates Rwanda’s population to be 11 million.

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Rwanda has achieved remarkable progress in health and economy. Since 1990, under-5 mortality has decreased by two-thirds and maternal mortality by three-quarters, while life expectancy has nearly doubled. Rwanda has also become a pioneer in tackling cancer and non-communicable diseases that most low-income countries are only beginning to take on. The health achievements of this country surpass those of its peers and even countries with higher levels of economic development.

RWANDA economy