LEGACIES OF BRITISH SLAVE OWNERSHIP
Slavery shaped modern Britain and we all still live with its legacies. The slave-owners were one very important means by which the fruits of slavery were transmitted to metropolitan Britain. The Center for the Study of the Legacies of British Slave-ownership has been established a database which traces the impact of slave-ownership on the formation of modern Britain
THE NKOMATI AGREEMENT (1984)- MOZAMBIQUE AND SOUTH AFRICA
On March 16, 1984, Mozambique was forced to sign a special treaty with the apartheid government of South Africa known as the Nkomati Agreement. Mozambique promised not to allow the ANC (African National Congress) or any other South African liberation movements to operate within its borders. In exchange South Africa was supposed to stop supporting MNR (Mozambican National Resistance) rebels.
THE COMPLEXITY OF ROBERT MUGABE’S LEADERSHIP (1974-1990)
Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe is often portrayed ONLY as either the demon who destroyed Zimbabwe or the hero who liberated it. Perhaps by going back into history we can actually understand how Robert Mugabe came to lead the southern African nation of Zimbabwe and how his party, ZANU-PF became the powerhouse it is today.
DON’T GIVE US AID. PAY BACK WHAT YOU STOLE
Next time you hear western countries especially England, France, Belgium and Portugal discuss how much money they give in aid, ask when they will pay back what they stole. We will explore how history can help us answer the following question:
Why are the people with the most natural wealth not so well off when the people with the least natural wealth enjoy the highest standards of living?
BLACK ATHLETES MAKING #GLOBALBLACKHISTORY AT RIO 2016 OLYMPICS
FROM TANGANYIKA TO TANZANIA: HOW TANGANYIKA AND ZANZIBAR UNITED
In 1964, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form what is now known as Tanzania. Tanganyika became independent in 1961 and Julius Nyerere was its first Prime Minister. Two years after Tanganyika became independent; Zanzibar also attained its independence. Following the revolution, President Nyerere proposed that Tanganyika and Zanzibar form a union to which Karume agreed leading to the formation of Tanzania in April 1964
HISTORY OF ASIAN MERCHANTS IN KENYA AND UGANDA
From the 1890s to 1914, there were more Indians in Kenya than white colonial settlers and after World War 1, they began demanding rights. Many of the Asian immigrants came from the western parts of India and Pakistan. Most Asian immigrants controlled wholesale and retail trade of goods.
HARRY THUKU AND THE YOUNG KIKUYU ASSOCIATION
In 1921, the Young Kikuyu Association was formed by Harry Thuku. Thuku demanded African participation in laws concerning wages, land, and taxes. The Young Kikuyu Association had thousands of paid members who were mobilized to fight against chiefs who were working with the British and against unfair labor conditions.
WHY IS HAITI SO POOR? THE UNDERMINING OF HAITI BY THE US
A BRIEF HISTORY OF HAITI
By the early 17th century, the French established a presence on the island of Hispaniola (modern day Haiti and Dominican Republic). In 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti. The French colony of Haiti, was the sugar capital of the world, an important commodity at the time.
THE LAND ISSUE IN MALAWI AND THE CASE FOR REPARATIONS
The Land issue is not new in most countries and can be often used to explain the systematic economic inequality that exists in Africa. Colonialism created serious inequality in land ownership and land use and Malawi is not very unique in this predicament. Malawi’s agricultural sector employs about 85% of the workforce and generates 90% of foreign exchange earnings, making it the single most important issue in the Malawian economy. Despite its importance to the Malawian people, land distribution remains very unequal.
MISMANAGEMENT OF ZIMBABWE’S ZANU-PF BY ZANU-PF
In the early 1980s, the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) tried to build its own business empire under the M&S Syndicate (Pvt) Ltd, a holding company which included party properties, sixty low density houses and six farms.
THE BUGANDA AGREEMENT OF 1900 AND LAND TENURE IN THE PROTECTORATES
In 1899, the British foreign office appointed Sir Harry Johnston as special commissioner responsible for cutting administrative costs. Commissioner Johnston concluded that Buganda and territories like it should govern themselves and be treated as allies of the British Empire. Through the agreement, Buganda became a province within the East Africa protectorate. The Ganda agreed to a hut tax and the Lukiko became the legislative body and final court of appeal.
TRADE BETWEEN AFRICA AND EUROPE IN THE 1800S
While trade between Africa and the rest of the world in the 1800s is often associated with slave trade, there were other types of trade taking place during the same period. Many African states along the coast and in the inner parts traded in palm oil, groundnuts and rubber. As Europe began to industrialize, demand for palm oil and other vegetable oils increased as well.
EARLY HISTORY OF CASH CROP AGRICULTURE IN AFRICA 1880 – 1930
Prior to colonialism, food production in Africa was in the hands of African farmers who grew crops mainly for food production. Many explorers to Africa were more focused on acquiring and shipping raw materials to the western world and considered this the most efficient use of their resources. Over time this way of conducting business became expensive and they sought to diversify ways to increase their profits. More often than not, private companies such as the Royal Niger Company, Imperial British East Africa Company, and British South Africa Company incurred high costs in trying to set up a new administration that would protect their interests. These new administrations often introduced tax systems and laws that forced local farmers to grow crops they could openly sell on the local market in order to pay their taxes. This led to the introduction of cash crop agriculture in many parts of Africa.
A Brief Analysis of Precolonial, colonial and postcolonial South Africa. The purpose of this book is to use a critical lens to evaluate Nelson Mandela’s role in shaping present day South Africa. This is accomplished by exploring the precolonial, colonial and postcolonial history of the nation to explain its present day predicament.
HAITI AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE
On Tuesday, 12 January 2010 Haiti suffered a 7.0 magnitude earthquake that left between 220,000 and 316,000 people dead. The government of Haiti estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged during the earthquake and the aftershocks.
HERERO AND NAMA GENOCIDE IN NAMIBIA
One of the most famous wars of resistance against the Germans was carried out by the Herero and Nama people in what is now present day Namibia. German treatment of the Herero and Nama people was particularly brutal. Thousands of Herero were shot dead during the Herero war in 1905.
ZIMBABWE- MANY YEARS AFTER INDEPENDENCE
Zimbabwe officially became Independent on April 18, 1980. Despite various economic setbacks, the people have been resilient and continue to make progress in education, in agriculture and in even in promoting racial equality.
EARLY BOER AND BRITISH SETTLERS IN SOUTH AFRICA
The first European settlers in South Africa were sponsored by the Dutch East India Company which controlled Netherlands trade between India and East Asia. The settlement established in the Cape in 1652 provided fresh food supplies for ships sailing to the east. This group of first settlers was led by Jan van Riebeeck.
THE MUTAPA STATE
The Mutapa state was one of Western Mozambique and present day Zimbabwe’s greatest kingdoms. The Mutapa state is believed to have been an Iron Age state which spanned across three centuries till its decline in the 19th century.
THE FORGOTTEN KINGDOMS OF SOUTHERN AFRICA: GREAT ZIMBABWE, MAPUNGUBWE & THULAMELA
Global Black History presents the Forgotten kingdoms of southern Africa. The forgotten history of powerful African kingdoms is intriguing because it serves as evidence of a thriving African people before colonialism. Most of these ancient kingdoms in southern Africa have been linked to periods between 1100 and 1600 A.D which was well before European settlers settled at any point in Southern Africa. Our focus is Great Zimbabwe in Zimbabwe, Mapungubwe and Thulamela in present day South Africa.
THE POLITICAL LIFE OF KENNETH DAVID KAUNDA
Global Black History presents the political life of Zambia’s Kenneth Kaunda. Kenneth David Kaunda, born April 28, 1924 in Lubwa, near Chinsali, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) is a politician who led Zambia to independence in 1964 and served as that country’s president until 1991.
THE ORIGINS OF THE NDEBELE IN ZIMBABWE
Global Black History presents the origins of the Ndebele in Zimbabwe. The Ndebele are descendants of the Khumalo people who lived under the rule of Shaka in present day South Africa. They got their name ‘Ndebele’ during their association with the Sotho people in the Transvaal region. The name ‘Ndebele’ meant strangers from the coast. The breakaway of the Ndebele from Shaka has been attributed to their leader Mzilikazi.
THE ROLE OF EXPLORERS AND TRADERS IN THE COLONIZATION OF AFRICA
Global Black History presents the role of explorers and traders in the colonization of Africa. Many explorers like David Livingstone would sign treaties with local Kings and Chiefs and this opened up more trade routes for Europeans. The reports sent by Explorers gave capitalists the impression that it was uncivilized and would benefit from European domination. The United Africa Company (UAC) was formed in 1879 by Sir George Goldie. By the early 1880s they had created a monopoly in the Niger delta area by buying out all the smaller companies in this region.
THE HISTORY OF EARLY PORTUGUESE SETTLERS IN EAST AND SOUTHERN AFRICA
Global Black History presents the history of early Portuguese settlers in East and Southern Africa. Portugal was a small, poor feudal society during the 15th century with underdeveloped industry and unproductive agricultural lands. This explains the early exploration of the Portuguese in Africa and other parts of the world as they searched for better opportunities. Records show that the Portuguese first made contact with Africans in East & Southern Africa around 1443.
THE ROLE OF AFRICANS IN WORLD WAR II
Global Black History presents the role of Africans in World War 2. Thousands of colonized Africans were involuntarily conscripted to fight for the allies during World War 2. Most of the Africans were fighting for the British who were a major colonial power at the time. Most of the Africans recruited by the British came from British East Africa, British Somaliland, British West Africa, the Indian Empire, Northern Rhodesia,
THE OTHER SIDE OF UHURU KENYATTA
The life, family (Mama Ngina, Margaret Wanjiru and children, Jomo, Ngina and Jaba) and wealth of Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta
THE ROLE OF MISSIONARIES IN THE COLONIZATION OF AFRICA
European missionaries especially from Portugal, France, Britain, and Germany went to Africa under the premise of going to convert the locals to Christianity. However, they actually aided in the colonization of Africans by Europeans. In many cases Christian conversion looked more like European Capitalist conversion.